INFO ABOUT THE COUNTRY
HISTORY OF NEPAL
Nepal is an Asian country located in the southern part of the continent. It is in the Himalayas, bordered by the Tibet (country currently occupied by the People’s Republic of China) to the north, and India to the south, away from the sea. It is separated from the Kingdom of Bhutan and the Indian state of Sikkim, by the Siliguri Corridor.
The mountainous nature of the country provides its territory with the highest peaks in the world. The highest the Mount Everest (Sagarmatha in Napali), and many of the so-called eight-thousands meter peaks.
Its recent history has been marked by a civil war that ended with the victory of the CPN-Maoist rebels, the establishment of a national unity government and a call for a Constituent Assembly election. The latter body proclaimed on 28 May 2008 the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic, which ended with more than 240 years of monarchy.
CASTES AND ETHNIES IN NEPAL
The census of Nepal currently recognizes 125 different castes and ethnic groups. The southern slope of the Himalayas, is ethnically very diverse. The Nepalis are descendants of the three major migrations from India, Tibet, and North Burma and the Chinese province of Yunnan via Assam. Some of the first inhabitants were the Newar of the Kathmandu Valley and the Tharu aboriginal in the southern Terai region.
The ancestors of the Brahmin and Chetri caste groups came from India, while other ethnic groups have their origins in Central Asia and Tibet, the Gurung and the Magar in the west, the Rai and the Limbo in the east, and the Sherpa and the Bhotia in the north. In Terai, which is a part of the Ganges basin, much of the population is physically and culturally similar to the Indo-Aryan in northern India. Mongoloid ethnic groups and Indo-Aryan people live in the high parts of the mountain, which are sparsely populated areas. The valley of Kathmandu represents a small fraction of the surface area of the nation, but it is the most densely populated, with almost 5% of the population.
THE BEST TIME TO TRAVEL TO NEPAL
Nepal can be visited throughout the whole year, but the best time includes the months of October and November, when the weather is nice and dry and with good visibility. Also between February and April, the end of the dry season, the weather is very nice too. The months of December and January are the coldest period of time and you need to be prepared for this climate. Between mid-June and September is the monsoon season ( heavy winds bringing heavy rainfall from Southern India) and often hide the mountains and bring frequent rains.
All foreigners, except for those from India, require a visa. Entry tourist visas are issued with a maximum validity of 30 days and can be extended up to three months. With them, it is possible to travel through the valley of Kathmandu, Pokhara and Chitwan National Park. For mountaineering, you must request a permission if you intend to go off the main roads. You can get it at the immigration offices in Kathmandu and Pokhara.
It is advisable to apply for the visa in the country of origin of the traveler, but it is also possible to do it once in Nepal, two passport photos will be required.